Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: AKA Concussion or Minor Head Trauma

Defined as the result of the forceful motion of the head or impact causing a brief change in mental status (Confusion, disorientation or loss of memory) or loss of consciousness for less than 30 minutes.

Common Symptoms


  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Visual Disturbances
  • Memory Loss
  • Poor Attention/Concentration
  • Getting lost or confused
  • Mood Changes
  • Slowness in thinking
  • Sleep Disturbances
  • Dizziness/loss of balance
  • Irritability-emotional disturbances
  • Feeling of depression
  • Seizures
  • Nausea
  • Loss of smell
  • Sensitivity to light and sounds

These symptoms may not be present or noticed at the time of injury. They may be delayed days or weeks before they appear. The symptoms are often subtle and are often missed by the injured person, family and doctors.


Alar / Transverse Ligament Injury: AKA Whiplash

Alar ligaments are short, tough, fibrous cords that attach the skull to C1 vertebra and function to check side-to-side movements of the head when it is turned. The transverse ligament limits the motion of the 1st cervical vertebrae and the 2nd cervical vertebrae. If the head is turned during a rear-end collision, this ligament can be stretched or torn, resulting in chronic pain and loss of neck function.


Common Symptoms:

  • Neck pain
  • Delayed neck stiffness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Burning
  • Memory loss
  • Concentration impairment
  • Nervousness
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fatigue
  • Depression

With the help of our high resolution 3T MRI and a specialized cervical axis imaging protocol these injuries can now be objectively documented.

If your client presents the symptoms listed above: Request the Cervical Axis Protocol